The order issued to Telecommunication Regulatory Commission contained a list of over 300 websites to be blocked.There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet and no reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms.Independent media and bloggers reportedly practice self-censorship for fear of government reprisal.Dehah, who was originally arrested in June 2009 on charges of defamation of presidential candidate Ibrahima Sarr for publishing an article stating that Sarr bought a house with campaign money from General Aziz.Main articles: Internet censorship in Russia and Mass surveillance in Russia.
Bahrain Moves Forward with Measures to Centralize InternetThese freedoms extend to speech and expression on the Internet.The law denies prosecutors authority to order wiretaps on their own and requires judicial oversight.
The new legislation will allow rights holders to obtain court orders to block overseas content that are found to contain copyrighted material.Main article: Internet freedom in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Internet access by individuals in the US is not subject to technical censorship, but can be penalized by law for violating the rights of others.The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and of the press.
The Austrian constitution provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice.
False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East andThe government of Ethiopia has long filtered critical and oppositional political content.A controversial verdict issued by the Court of Bergamo and later confirmed by the Supreme Court, allowed the blocking, stating that it was useful in order to prevent copyright infringement.
It is widely believed that security forces monitor telephones and correspondence of some citizens and foreign residents.Negative advertising in political campaigns is prohibited by present law, although the video appears to be made by a regular citizen which would make it legal.
Main article: Internet censorship and surveillance in Cameroon.The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Internet Censorship. a Bahraini activist, was released from Jaw Prison, south-eastern Bahrain by the Bahraini authorities on 3 January 2017,.In 2012 the Republic Act No. 10175 or Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 was signed by President Benigno Aquino, which criminalizes acts such as libel done online that are already punishable in other media such as radio, TV, and newspapers, with punishment one level higher than their non-computer counterpart.Main article: Internet censorship and surveillance in Nigeria.Qatar is the second most connected country in the Arab region, but Internet users have heavily censored access to the Internet.
There are few government restrictions on access to the Internet and no credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight.Its threatened application may stifle expression and journalists do engage in self-censorship.The Danish government places no restrictions on access to the Internet and there are no credible reports that e-mail or Internet chat rooms are monitored without appropriate legal authority.
However, the government does proactively block blogs and websites, either on moral grounds, or for hosting content deemed critical of the government.The government continues to support legislation that imposes criminal penalties, including lengthy jail sentences instead of fines, for press infractions such as libel.Turkmen got their news through satellite television until 2008 when the government decided to get rid of satellites, leaving Internet as the only medium where information could be gathered.
The government does not restrict access to the Internet or monitor e-mail or Internet chat rooms.Country Reports on Human Rights Practices is an annual series of reports on human rights conditions in countries throughout the world.Rather than blocking URLs individually, they can check a single category (like pornography, drugs, or provocative attire) and block thousands of sites in one fell swoop.There were calls for civil rather than criminal penalties in such cases.Main article: Internet censorship and surveillance in Austria.
The Internet In The Mideast And North AfricaIndividuals and groups are generally permitted to engage in peaceful expression of views via the Internet.There were no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms.
Pornography is still widely blocked, as is content relating to alcohol and drugs, gambling websites, online dating sites, sex education, gay and lesbian content, and web censorship circumvention tools.The constitution and laws provide for freedom of speech and press.In addition the 2012 report identified seven countries that were at particular risk of suffering setbacks related to Internet freedom in late 2012 and in 2013: Azerbaijan, Libya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Russia, and Sri Lanka.The new law, which enforced registration of websites, would also hold online news sites accountable for the comments left by their readers.Main article: Internet censorship and surveillance in Georgia.There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet in Haiti or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without judicial oversight.
The overthrow of the Gaddafi regime in August 2011 ended an era of censorship.Saudi Arabia directs all international Internet traffic through a proxy run by the CITC.Main article: Internet censorship and surveillance in the Dominican Republic.While blocking profane content in such locations is justifiable, there is potential for massive overblocking.Since 2011 three blogs hosted overseas have been blocked for perceived antigovernment content.Journalists complain about defamation lawsuits that the government threatens or files against the press for statements made about public officials or private figures in the public arena.Main articles: Internet censorship in Malaysia and Malaysia Internet Blackout Day (2012).